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青少年亲社会行为量表的编制与维度的再验证

作 者: 杨莹(著) 张梦圆(著) 寇彧(著)

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所属集刊: 中国社会心理学评论 第十辑 在线日期: 2016-09-20
页  数: 16页 阅  读:
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摘 要

本研究首先基于青少年认同的利他性、遵规-公益性、关系性、特质性的亲社会行为四维结构模型,编制了包含20道题目的青少年亲社会行为初测量表,并选取四川580名青少年(小学高年级学生和初中生,男生占51.0%)完成初测。接着通过项目分析和因素分析,修改部分题项,形成包含21个题项的亲社会行为正式施测量表。然后选取北京市各区县共4309名青少年(小学高年级学生、初中生和高中生,男生占47.6%)完成正式施测。根据测查结果再对量表进行修订,最终得到15题版的青少年亲社会行为量表。对修订后的量表检验信效度,发现:(1)亲社会行为总量表及各分量表信度良好;(2)探索性因素分析认为四因子模型对数据的拟合指标最优,验证性因素分析证明量表的结构效度良好。本研究再次验证了青少年亲社会行为概念表征的四维模型,编制了适合测评我国青少年亲社会行为的量表。

Abstract

Previous study claimed that the prosocial behaviors endorsed by Chinese adolescents were constructed of four dimensions:altruism,commonweal-social rule,relationship,and personal trait.First,based on the four-dimension structure,we develop the preliminary Prosocial Behavior Scale for Adolescent(20 items). 580 adolescents(pupils and junior students,51.0% were boys)in Sichuan Province participated in the preliminary test. Then the item analysis and factor analysis were used to develop the formal scale. 4309 adolescents(pupils,junior and senior students,47.6% were boys)recruited from five different districts in Beijing completed the 21-item formal scale. After revising,the final Prosocial Behavior Scale for Adolescent contains 15 items. The results indicated a good reliability and validity:(1)consistencies for each dimension and total scale were satisfactory;(2)the EFA showed that a four-factor model fit the data well,and the CFA suggested an acceptable structural validity. This study revalidated the four-dimension structure of prosocial behaviors in Chinese adolescents,and developed an appropriate Prosocial Behavior Scale for Adolescent.

作者

杨莹,北京师范大学发展心理研究所,应用实验心理北京市重点实验室。张梦圆,北京师范大学发展心理研究所,应用实验心理北京市重点实验室。寇彧,北京师范大学发展心理研究所,应用实验心理北京市重点实验室。

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